Monday, December 29, 2008

Table of Units,dimensional Formulas of physical quantities.

Fundamental Physical Quantities:
 S.No Fundamental Physical Quantity Formula Dimensional Formula S.I Unit of physical quantity 1. Mass Amount of matter in the object M kg 2. Length L meter 3. Time T sec 4. Electric current I or A ampere 5. Amount of substance N mole(mol) 6. Luminous intensity J candela(cd) 7. Temperature K or $\theta$ Kelvin
Derived Physical Quantities:
 S.No Derived Physical Quantity Formula Dimensional Formula S.I Unit of physical quantity 1. Area $l\times b$ [$M^0L^2T^o$] $m^2$ 2. Volume $l\times b\times h$ [$M^0L^3T^o$] $m^3$ 3. Density $\frac{M}{V}$ [$M^1L^{-3}T^0$] $kg/m^3$ 4. Specific Gravity $\frac{Density of Substance}{Density of Water}$ [$M^0L^0T^0$] No units 5. Frequency $\frac{no of vibrations}{Time}$ [$M^0L^0T^{-1}$] hertz 6. Angle $\frac{Arc}{radius}$ $M^0L^oT^o$ No units 7. Velocity $\frac{Displacement}{time}$ $M^0L^1T^{-1}$ m/sec 8. Speed $\frac{Distance}{time}$ $M^0L^1T^{-1}$ m/sec 9. Areal velocity $\frac{Area}{time}$ $M^0L^2T^{-1}$ $m^2sec^{-1}$ 10. Acceleration $\frac{Change in velocity }{time}$ $M^0L^1T^{-2}$ $m/sec^2$ 11. Linear momentum $M\times V$ $M^1L^1T^{-1}$ kg m/sec 12. Force $mass\times acceleration$ $M^1L^1T^{-2}$ kg-m/$sec^2$ or Newton 13. Weight w=mg $M^1L^1T^{-2}$ kg-m/$sec^2$ or Newton 14. Moment of force/Torque/Couple $Force\times arm$ $M^1L^2T^{-2}$ kg$m^2sec^{-2}$ 15. Impulse $Force\times time$ $M^1L^1T^{-1}$ kg m/sec or Ns 16. Pressure $\frac{Force}{Area}$ $M^1L^{-1}T^{-2}$ N/$m^2$ or Pa 17. Work $Force\times Distance$ $M^1L^2T^{-2}$ Nm or Joule 18. Kinetic Energy $\frac{1}{2} mv^2$ $M^1L^2T^{-2}$ joule 19. Potential Energy mgh $M^1L^2T^{-2}$ joule 20. Gravitational constant $\frac{Force\times (Length)^2}{(mass)^2}$ $M^{-1}L^3T^{-2}$ $kg^{-1}m^3sec^{-2}$ 21. Gravitational field strength $\frac{Force}{mass}$ $M^0L^1T^{-2}$ $N kg^{-1}$ 22. Gravitational Potential $\frac{Work}{mass}$ $M^0L^2T^{-2}$ $J kg^{-1}$ 23. Force constant (k) $\frac{F}{L}$ $M^1L^0T^{-2}$ $N m^{-1}$ 24. Power $\frac{Work}{time}$ $M^1L^2T^{-3}$ W or J/sec 25. Moment of Inertia ( I ) $Mass\times Distance^2$ $M^1L^2T^{0}$ kg$m^2$ 26. Stress $\frac{Force}{Area}$ $M^1L^{-1}T^{-2}$ N/$m^2$ or Pa 27. Strain $\frac{Change in length}{Origional length}$ $M^0L^0T^0$ No units 28. Modulus of Elasticity $\frac{Stress}{Strain}$ $M^1L^{-1}T^{-2}$ N/$m^2$ or Pa 29. Poission’s Ratio σ =$\frac{Y}{2n}$-1 $M^0L^0T^0$ No units 30. Velocity gradient $\frac{Change in velocity}{Distance}$ $M^0L^0T^{-1}$ $sec^{-1}$ 31. Coefficient of dynamic viscosity $\frac{Tangential stress}{Velocity Gradient}$ $M^1L^{-1}T^{-1}$ kg$m^{-1}sec^{-1}$(or) N-sec/$latex \m^2$ (or)pascal-sec (or)poiseuille 32. Surface Tension $\frac{Force}{Length}$ $M^1L^0T^{-2}$ $kg sec^2$,N/m 33. Angular displacement ($\theta$) $\frac{Arc}{radius}$ $M^0L^oT^o$ no Units 34. Angular velocity(ω) $\frac{Angular displacement}{Time}$ $M^0L^oT^{-1}$ rad/sec 35. Angular acceleration(α) $\frac{Change in angular velocity}{Time}$ $M^0L^oT^{-2}$ rad/$sec^{-2}$ 36. Angular momentum Iω $ML^2T^{-1}$ $kg-m^2 sec^{-1}$ 37. Angular Impulse Iω $ML^2T^{-1}$ $kg-m^2 sec^{-1}$ 38. Temperature $\theta$ or K kelvin or degree Celsius 39. Coefficient of linear expansion(α) $\frac{l_2-l_1}{l_1\times Temp(t_2-t_1)}$ $M^0L^0T^0K^{-1}$ /kelvin 40. Specific heat $\frac{Energy}{Mass\times Temp}$ $M^0L^2T^{-2}K^{-1}$ 41. Latent heat $\frac{Energy}{Mass}$ $M^0L^2T^{-2}$ $joule-kg^{-1}$ 42. Entropy $\frac{Q}\theta$ $M^1L^2T^{-2}K^{-1}$ $J K^{-1}$ 43. Thermal capacity $\frac{H}\theta$ $M^1L^2T^{-2}K^{-1}$ $J K^{-1}$ 44. Gas constant $\frac{PV}{m T}$ $M^0L^2T^{-2}K^{-1}$ $joule-K^{-1}$ 45. coefficient of thermal conductivity $\frac{Qd}{A(\theta_2-\Theta_1)t}$ $M^1L^1T^{-3}K^{-1}$ $W m^{-1}K^{-1}$ 46. Pole strength $Ampere\times meter$ $M^0L^1T^0I$ Am 47. Magnetic Moment $M^0L^2T^0I^1$ $Amp-m^2$ 48. Magnetic flux $\phi$ $ML^2T^{-2}I^{-1}$ weber ;$T-m^{2}$ ;J/Amp 49. Magnetic field,magnetic flux density (B) $MT^{-2}I^{-1}$ Tesla;$J/A-m^{2}$ 50. Permeability of free space $\frac{\mu}{\mu_r}$ $MLT^{-2}I^{-2}$ $NA^{-2}$ 51. Magnetic susceptibilty also called volumetric or bulk susceptibility χm χm = μr − 1 $M^0L^oT^o$ no units 52. Electric Charge $I\times T$ $M^0L^0T^1I^1$ Amp sec , coul 53. Electric potential $\frac{Work}{Charge}$ $M^1L^2T^{-3}I^{-1}$ Volt 54. E.M.F $\frac{Work}{Charge}$ $M^1L^2T^{-3}I^{-1}$ Volt 55. Electric Capacity $\frac{q}{V}$ $M^{-1}L^{-2}T^4I^2$ Farad 56. Electric Resistance $\frac{V}{i}$ $M^1L^2T^{-3}I^{-2}$ Ohm (Ω) or volt/amp 57. Resistivity $\rho$ $\frac{R A}{L}$ $M^1L^3T^{-3}I^{-1}$ Ohm mt (Ω-m) 58. Conductivity $\sigma$ 1/$\rho$ $M^{-1}L^{-3}T^3I$ Siemens/m 59. Permittivity $\varepsilon$ $M^{-1}L^{-3}T^4I^2$ farad/m 60. Electric conductance $\frac{1}{R}$ $M^{-1}L^{-2}T^3I^2$ Siemens (or) mhos 61. Electric power $V\times I$ $M^1L^2T^{-3}I^{-1}$ Watt 62. Electrical Impedance(Z) $\frac{V}{i}$ $M^1L^2T^{-3}I^{-2}$ Ohm (Ω) or volt/amp 63. Electrical admittance 1/Z(Reciprocal of electric impedance) $M^{-1}L^{-2}T^3I^3$ Siemens (or) mhos 64. Self Inductance(L) $\displaystyle v=L\frac{di}{dt}$ $ML^2T^{-2}I{-2}$ weber/amp or Henry 65. Boltzmann’s constant $\frac{Energy}{Temp}$ $M^1L^2T^{-2}K^{-1}$ J/kelvin 66. Stefan’s constant $\frac{E}{A\theta^4}$ $M^1L^0T^3K^{-4}$ $W m^{-2}K^{-4}$ 67. Co-efficient of friction $\mu$ $\mu$=$\frac{F}{N}$,N=Normal reaction dimension less scalar no units 68. Dielectric constant $\varepsilon_r$ It is also called relative permittivity dimension less no units 69. Planck’s constant $E=h\nu$ $ML^2T^{-1}$ J.sec (or) eV.sec 70. Refractive index μ $M^0L^oT^o$ no units 71. Focal length(f) Distance between center of the lens(mirror) to its focus L meter 72. Power of a lens (P) The reciprocal of the focal length of a lens in meters is called power of a lens; p=1/f $L^{-1}$ diaptors 73. Wave number No.of waves/distance $L^{-1}$ $m^{-1}$ 74. Wave length Length of a wave L meter

1. its really very nice n easy 2 study..thus helping students in learning dimensional formulas in a better understanding way..

2. its really very nice in a easy-todo-way...thus helping students learn these formulas in a better understanding way....

3. Thanx for Big nice help

4. Thank you soooo much..

You are m life saver

5. thank you

6. FANTASTIC THIS MAKE SO EASY FOR STUDENTS

7. thank you but pls make it more broad plszzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz

8. thnxx a lot it is very helpful for uss thnx

9. thanks a lot for doing this work...really thanks. it was very useful

10. The dimensional formula of Density is incorrect. It should be M to the power 1, L to the power -3.

11. student of 1st yearOctober 29, 2010 at 8:08 AM

HEY!THNXZZ FOR THE TABLE I WAS HAVING THE PROJECT AND IT HEPLED ME ALOT BUT I STILL NEED MORE Dimensional Formule to complete it...any how thnxsssssszzzzzz

12. its very nice toooooooooo goooooooooooooood. thankssssssssssssss a loooooooooooooooooooot.

13. The content as a whole is very good, but some more Dimensional formulas would pave its path towards excellence!!!

14. thanks a lot this really helped me